Krsto Hegedušić

Krsto Hegedušić (Petrinja, 26. studenog 1901. – Zagreb, 7. travnja 1975.), hrvatski slikar
Krsto Hegedušić (Petrinja, 26. November 1901. – Zagreb, 7. April 1975.), Croatian painter

To što se rodio u Petrinji nije za njega imalo velike važnosti, jer se poslije očeve smrti 1909. godine obitelj vratila u Hlebine od kuda je obitelj Hegedušić bila podrijetlom i od tada počinje njegova prisna veza s Podravinom.

Godine 1920. pohađa Privremenu višu školu za umjetnost i umjetni obrt ( današnju Likovnu Akademiju) u Zagrebu i slika prve arhetipske podravske idile. Specijalka kod Becića i grafički tečaj kod Krizmana obogatili su Hegedušićevo znanje, ali nisu utjecali na njegov slikarski stil.

U Parizu gleda slike Pietera Breughela i sluti svoju figuralnu morfologiju. Ni tada se ne prekida njegova veza s Podravinom. Iz sjećanja na podravska obojena stakla nastala je mala tempera, također na staklu Bilo nas je pet vu kleti. Malo poslije, 1929. , nakon susreta sa slikarima Tabakovićem i Postružnikom i pariškim đakom Leom Junekom, osniva skupinu Zemlja. Slika Harmonikaš iz tog razdoblja ideološki odbacuje umjetnost radi umjetnosti, Poplava je puna kritičkog naboja i razornog djelovanja. Podravski motivi tiskani 1933. kao vizualni korelat književnog ruralnog mita Miroslava Krleže popraćeni su i Krležinim predgovorom.

Za vrijeme Drugog svjetskog rata u strahu od uhićenja zbog prijašnjih ljevičarskih istupa privaća zaštitu kardinala Stepinca i tijekom 1941. radi mnogobrojne skice za fresku Golgota u Mariji Bistrici. Poslije rata Hegedušić je imenovan redovitim profesorom Akademije likovnih umjetnosti, a 1950. dobiva naslov majstora slikara i postaje voditelj majstorske radionice. Hegedušićevo slikarstvo dokaz je da se umjetnost ne može posve odvojiti od spoznaje, zato u njegovim slikama ima i poruge i suvremenih otuđenja. Mladoženja, vol i pumpa iz 1969., slika je onoga što ostaje, a što je ostalo od grada, što je ostalo od čovjeka u gradu. Od 1971. do 1973. u spomen-domu na Tjentištu radi na velikom ciklusu fresaka. Prizori su puni strave. Čitav taj veliki i radikalni opus Krste Hegedušića ne možemo svrstati u lijepe slike, jer one su pobuna protiv zla.

Hegedušić

Krsto Hegedušić was a Croatian painter, illustrator and theater designer. His most famous paintings depict the harsh life of the Croatian peasantry in the manner of naive art. He was one of the founders of the Zemlja group of artists.

He was born in Petrinja, but when his father died in 1909, the family came back to Hlebine, the village in the region of Podravina from which they originated.

In 1920 Hegedušić enrolled in the Arts and Crafts College in Zagreb, where he made his first idyllic paintings of Podravina. The painting courses of Vladimir Becić and Tomislav Krizman widened his horizons, but did not influence his style.

In 1926 he was awarded a French government scholarship and spent two years in Paris. There he studied the paintings of Pieter Breughel.

Hegedušić made his first one-man exhibition with Juraj Plančić at the Ulrich Gallery in Zagreb in 1926. He made paintings with social themes, showing the exploitation of the Croatian peasants. In 1929 he got together with the painters Ivan Tabaković and Oton Postružnik, as well as Leo Junek in Paris. They founded Zemlja (“soil” in Croatian), the first Croatian group of artists that promoted Marxism. Hegedušić was their ideologue and unofficial leader. Paintings like The Accordionist and The Flood are socially critical and reject purely artistic goals.

In 1930 he founded the Hlebine School, a naive art movement that involved young peasant painters. One of them, Ivan Generalić, reached world fame. Podravina Motifs, published in 1933, was a book combining his drawings with a poetic essay by Miroslav Krleža, today considered a masterpiece of Croatian literature. Krleža would later write a script for a documentary feature about Hegedušić (1962).

Hegedušić started teaching at the Academy of Fine Arts Zagreb in 1936. During the anti-communist oppression in the 1930s, he was arrested several times. When the Nazi-sponsored Ustaša came to power in 1941, Hegedušić came under the protection of the Archbishop Stepinac. He spent the war quietly working on various themes, including religion (numerous sketches for the Calvary fresco in Marija Bistrica in 1941). When the communist government was installed in Yugoslavia in 1945, Hegedušić was appointed professor at the Zagreb Academy. In 1950, he founded a “master’s studio” there.

Paintings like The Bridegroom, the Ox and the Pump from 1969 are critical of urban life. In the period 1971-73, Hegedušić worked on a large cycle of macabre frescoes for the war memorial of Tjentište. He illustrated books and designed ballet and theater sets.

Krsto Hegedušic - Rekvizicija, 1929.

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